Hedging against inflation can help personal investors ensure that their hard-earned savings maintain their value over time. Rising inflation is a global phenomenon, with prices increasing in countries all around the world. The causes of this inflation are varied, but some of the most common factors include increases in the cost of raw materials, fuel prices, and wages. While mild inflation (2-3%) can have some positive effects, such as stimulating economic growth, galloping inflation (above 10%) or hyperinflation can lead to rising living costs and erode the value of savings.

Inflation is the general increase in the prices of goods and services in an economy. The inflation rate is the percentage change in a price index from one period to another.

In the financial world, a hedge is an investment strategy that aims to reduce the risk of downside. If you look at almost any asset, inflation will have some sort of impact on its value. If your money isn’t able to keep up with inflation, it won’t be able to purchase as much in the future as it can today. The rising cost of goods and services can quickly erode your savings if you’re not careful. When inflation is high, the purchasing power of your money decreases. This can have a major impact on your ability to maintain your standard of living. As a result, many investors seek out investments that will hedge against inflation.

What is an Inflation Hedge?

An inflation hedge is an investment option that is expected to rise in value as inflation rises. For example, if inflation is expected to rise by 3%, then a hedge against inflation would be an investment that is expected to rise by at least 3%. There are many different assets that can be used as a hedge against inflation, including stocks, bonds, and real estate. When selecting an asset to hedge against inflation, it is important to consider both the expected return and the risk. Ideally, you want to choose an investment that has a high expected return and a low risk. This way, you can protect your portfolio from inflation while still earning a good return on your investment.

inflation hedges
Popular financial instruments used for inflation hedging.

The best way to hedge against inflation is to own assets that are expected to rise along with inflation. Here are strategies you can use when investing so that you’re protected against inflation and other risks.

1. International Diversification

Diversification is the first line of defense against inflation. It’s important to diversify your portfolio so that you’re not putting all your eggs in one basket.

Traditionally, people have diversified their portfolios by spreading their money out evenly between stocks, bonds, and other assets. This strategy seems to make sense, because stocks are traditionally more volatile than bonds, and when the stock market takes a dive, the bond market usually stays steady and doesn’t experience the same sort of fall. However, with the rising threat of inflation, this local diversification strategy is no longer as effective.

One way to protect yourself against inflation is to diversify your assets internationally. By investing in assets outside of your home country, you can hedge against domestic inflation. For example, if inflation increases in the United Kingdom, but remains stable in Japan, your investments in the Japanese market will increase in value relative to your investments in the UK. This can help to offset the effects of inflation and protect your wealth.

2. Real Estate

Historically, real estate has been a great hedge against inflationary pressures. This is because as prices increase, so does the value of tangible assets such as properties.

Over time, property values tend to increase along with inflation, so owning property can help to safeguard your wealth. In addition, real estate can provide a steady income stream through rental payments. Buy-to-let properties can pay higher yields than many other investment instruments. This can help to offset the impact of inflation on your other expenses.

If you’re looking for a more passive and liquid investment, you can consider investing in a REIT (real estate investment trust). This will give you exposure to the real estate market without having to actually buy and manage the property.

A real estate investment trust, or REIT, is an equity security issued by a company that owns, manages, and/or develops real estate. The value of a REIT is based on the value of the real estate the company owns, so it very rarely fluctuates in value. In addition, people who invest in real estate through a REIT are able to take advantage of deductions on their taxes. As inflation continues to rise, REITs are a great way to protect against inflation – as well as provide you with a little extra cash on your taxes every year.

3. Commodities

Commodities can be an ideal way to hedge against inflation. This is because commodities tend to increase in value when inflationary pressures are present. Precious metals such as gold and silver have traditionally been used as a store of value during times of economic turmoil. When prices for goods and services rise, the prices of commodities typically follow suit. This makes them a great way to protect your savings from the ravages of inflation.

The most convenient way to invest in commodities is by buying futures contracts.

A commodity future is a contract to buy or sell a commodity at a specific price on a specific day in the future. Commodity futures are traded on exchanges, just like stocks and bonds. The asset usually takes the form of something like gold, oil, or wheat. The price of a commodity’s future is based on the expected price of the commodity on the date of the contract.

The price of a commodity’s future is also based on supply and demand. If there is a lot of demand for a commodity, the price of the futures contract will be higher. If there is less demand for the commodity, the price of the futures contract will be lower.

For example, if you enter into a futures contract for gold, then you agree to buy a certain amount of gold at a predetermined price in the future. By entering into such an agreement with another party, you are agreeing to trade the asset at that price in the future. Therefore, by trading futures contracts, you are actually trading the underlying asset itself.

The main purpose of entering into such an agreement is to hedge against risk. For example, if you think that gold prices will rise in the future, then you can buy a futures contract for gold and sell it when the price rises. This way, you will profit from rising prices without taking any actual physical ownership of the underlying asset.

The UK has several exchanges where you can trade commodity futures, including the London Metal Exchange and the Intercontinental Exchange.

4. Inflation Linked Bonds (Index Linked Gilts)

These are treasury bonds that have an interest rate that is linked to an inflation index. This means that as inflation increases, so does the interest you receive on your bonds. This can help to protect your savings from the effects of inflation.

In the UK, inflation-linked bonds (ILBs) are debt securities that pay a fixed coupon rate plus an inflation-linked portion. The fixed coupon rate is usually set at a nominal or real bank rate.

ILBs can be issued with different maturities and coupon rates. In addition, they don’t have to comply with minimum investment thresholds or lock-up periods, which means that they can be attractive to smaller investors. On the other hand, they are not intended for long-term investing — they typically have minimum holding periods of one year.

However, their main benefit is that holders benefit from expected price increases in the economy over time.

5. Dividend Stocks

Stock prices may also be volatile in inflationary environments. However, dividend stocks can provide a hedge against inflation. However, companies that pay dividends typically have strong business models and are less likely to be impacted by inflationary pressures.

Dividend stocks are stocks that pay out regular dividends. These dividends can help to offset the effects of inflation by providing you with a consistent source of income. In addition, dividend stocks tend to be less volatile than other types of stocks, which means they can provide you with a measure of stability during periods of volatility.

And since stocks tend to outperform other asset classes over the long run, you’ll also be able to grow your wealth. As a result, dividend stocks can provide an attractive option for investors looking to protect their portfolios from inflation.

6. Cryptocurrencies

Cryptocurrencies is a relatively new investment instrument. While they are still very volatile, they have the potential to offer protection from inflation. This is because their prices are not based on fiat currencies, but rather the demand. The supply of cryptocurrency is limited, so as the demand for cryptocurrency increases, the price will increase. There is no central authority that can print more money and devalue the currency.

Bitcoin has characteristics similar to gold as a store of value. The finite supply is one of the main reasons why Bitcoin is called digital gold.

7. Collectibles

Another way to protect your savings from inflation is to invest in collectibles. Collectibles such as art, antiques, coins, stamps, and even fine wine tend to increase in value over time. This is because they are considered rare items that become more valuable as demand increases.

Collectible items can be an effective way to further diversify your portfolio and potentially make a profit.  Therefore, investing in collectibles can help you keep up with the rising inflation.

Of course, not all collectibles are created equal. Some items are more likely to appreciate than others. Certain artists and brands tend to hold their value well, for example. It is also important to do your research before making any purchase. Authenticity is key when it comes to collectibles, so be sure to buy from reputable sources.


Inflation is a serious threat to your financial future. It can erode your savings and make it harder for you to make ends meet. While there is no way to completely prevent inflation from affecting your money, there are a number of strategies that you can use to protect your financial future and make sure your money lasts as long as possible. The best way to hedge against inflation is to own assets that are expected to rise along with inflation.

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